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African Union

Africa is not a country

This diverse continent, with a total of 55 countries, has been subjected to stereotypes and often denied relevance. However, modern Africa and the abilities and potentials of its people play an important role in global sustainable development. Ignoring the united Africa would be a big mistake.


Background

"The Organisation of African Unity" (OAU) was founded on May 25, 1963, by 32 independent African states, with the pan-African vision of a united, free, and self-determined Africa. The goals were freedom, equality, and justice for African peoples. The focus was on the fight against apartheid and the independence of the continent. The aim was to promote understanding and cooperation among the countries of Africa.

 

African Union

In 2002, African heads of state and government decided to reform the OAU. In order to realize Africa's potential, it was necessary to shift the focus of the organization's work from decolonization and the fight against apartheid to enhanced cooperation and integration among African states. The consensus was the decision to establish the African Union (AU) in July 2002, consisting of 53 African countries (now the AU includes all 55 member states of the continent). The goal is to promote Africa's growth and drive economic development.


Agenda 2063 – The africa we want

The centerpiece of the African Union's work is the Agenda 2063. The goal of this agenda is to position Africa as an independent and dominant actor in global partnerships. Africa aims to become a global competitor and leader in technological infrastructure. The development of Agenda 2063 is based on the strategic restructuring of the work of African heads of state and government.


Until the adoption of Agenda 2063 in 2013, the predecessor of the AU - the OAU - focused on the fight against apartheid and the independence of the continent. With Agenda 2063, new priorities are set, and inclusive social and economic development is brought into focus. Democratic governance, peace, and security are given priority to make Africa a dominant player on the global stage. To achieve these goals, a timeframe of 50 years was chosen. The restructuring of this work is important as it offers new potentials due to structural changes (e.g., globalization or the ICT revolution) that should be uniformly utilized.

 

Flagship projects

The Agenda 2063 contains important flagship programs aimed at boosting Africa's economic growth and development. These flagship projects include areas such as infrastructure, education, science, technology, arts & culture, as well as initiatives to secure peace on the continent.

Integrated high-speed train network

Common Strategy for African Raw Materials

Establishment of the African Continental Free Trade Area (Afcfta)

The African passport and freedom of movement for people on the African continent

Grand Inga Dam Project

Establishment of a unified African air transport market (SAATM)

Establishment of an annual African Economic Forum

Establishment of the African Financial Institution

The Pan-African E-Network

Africa's Space Strategy

Africa's Virtual University and E-University

Cyber Security

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